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Texas Office of the Lieutenant Governor

Texas Office of the Lieutenant Governor

Office of the Lieutenant GovernorAgency History

The office of lieutenant governor is powerful and influential in Texas state government. The Texas Constitution (Article IV, sections 1 and 16) gives the lieutenant governor power to act as governor in the event of the governor’s absence from the state or his/her death, resignation, impeachment, or inability or refusal to serve. The Constitution has also designated the lieutenant governor to serve as president of the Texas Senate. The current rules of the senate give the lieutenant governor authority to appoint all senate committees and their chairs, to decide all questions of order, to supervise all senate employees, and to determine the order of senate business. Texas statutes have made the lieutenant governor chairman of the Texas Legislative Budget Board (which drafts the state budget) and the Texas Legislative Council (which is the legislature’s main source for drafting bills), joint chair of the Texas Legislative Audit Committee (which appoints the state auditor), chair or vice-chair of the Texas Legislative Education Board (which oversees state education policy), and a member of the Legislative Redistricting Board of Texas (which redistricts house and senate seats after each decennial census).

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, 11th edition (2001), and “Texas Politics: the Legislative Branch” (, Liberal Arts Instructional Technology Services, University of Texas at Austin, 3rd edition (2009), accessed December 10, 2015.)


The records for the Texas Office of the Lieutenant Governor are organized by each Lieutenant Governor. Click on a Lieutenant Governor’s name to access the finding aid for their records. Term years are listed in parenthesis.

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