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Bachman Collection

An Inventory of the Richard Bachman Collection at the Texas State Archives

Organization History Scope and Contents Restrictions Related Materials
Richard Bachman

Richard Bachman


Creator: Bachman, Richard
Title: Richard Bachman collection
Dates: 1825-1983, undated, bulk 1840-1920
Abstract: The Richard Bachman collection is an assembly of papers, ephemera, photographs, and other materials that document the lives and activities of several Texas families from 1825 to 1983, bulk 1840-1920. The families represented, related by marriage, are Elmore, Miller, Obenchain, Wall, Rugeley, Bachman, Hawkins, Guinn, and Pigford. The collection has a wide variety of documents, from receipts, business documents, and wills and deeds, to correspondence and a family Bible. Major Texas events documented include the Texas Archives War, annexation to the United States, and the Civil War, especially regarding the Battle of Galveston. Notable items in the collection include documentation of the Colorado Navigation Company, an early Rand McNally Texas map (1880s), a proclamation by Republic of Texas President Anson Jones, and an extensive selection of deeds and wills. Photographs make up a significant portion of the collection and cover nearly 130 years of family and photographic history. The collection contains images in a variety of photographic formats, including cased images, card photographs, snapshots, and Polaroids. The variety of images include a young Confederate soldier, Company C of the Texas Rangers, various family members, and several unidentified individuals. The photographs in this collection have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.
Quantity: 7.02 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: The preparation and digitization of this collection for online public access was funded in full or in part with a Library Services and Technology Act (20 U.S.C. § 9121) grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.

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Other Formats for the Collection

A description of the original records referenced in this finding aid, including those not digitized, is available at

Organization of the Collection

The papers are organized into six series: four family series (one for each major branch of the donor’s family), General family papers, and Photographs, further organized by subject and chronologically, reflecting the organization of the collection as it was received from the donor.  The following series marked “digital” contain records that have been digitized and are available in the TDA:

Biographical  History

J. Bachman Grocery store

J. Bachman Grocery store

John F. (J.F. or John) Miller (1798-1854), a Scottish immigrant who settled in Texas in the 1820s, served as justice of the peace and chief justice of Colorado County in the 1840s. He owned property, slaves, and stock in the Colorado Navigation Company. John and his wife, Lucinda (née Jefferson), an emancipated slave, had thirteen children. Their daughter Leonora married Edgar B. (Edgar or Ed) Obenchain, a business partner of her brother George Forrester (G.F.) Miller. Edgar and Leonora Obenchain’s children include sons Carl and Edgar; and daughters Martha (Mattie), wife of William Thaddeus (W.T.) Wall, and Lu (sometimes Lou or Lula), who was married first to an Alderman and later to a Triche. W.T. and Martha Wall’s daughters were Lenore and Hilda Wall.

W.T. Wall’s sister, Sarah Evelyn Wall McHenry (Evie), had a daughter, Fay McHenry, who married Cleveland Guinn (sometimes Guynn or Gwynn). Cleveland Guinn was the grandson of Dilue Rose Harris, who fled during the Runaway Scrape as a child. W.T. and Sarah Evelyn’s mother, Octavia Wright Wall, was the daughter of Sarah Anne Pigford Wright, daughter of Elizabeth and Timothy Pigford.

Henry Marshall (Henry M. or Henry) Elmore (1816-1879) was a Civil War colonel who commanded a regiment of Texas Volunteers at the Port of Galveston. Henry Elmore was the son of John Archer Elmore, a Revolutionary War veteran after whom an Alabama county is named. Henry Elmore was married to Elizabeth Fitzpatrick Elmore (1816-1859) and together they had five children who lived to adulthood. Henry and Elizabeth moved to Walker County, Texas in 1853. Henry Elmore’s daughter, Elizabeth Tabitha (Lizzie) (1846-1923) married Dr. Henry L. Rugeley (1838-1925).

(Click here to read the history for the Bachman Collection)

The Fats and Leans Playing Ball

The Fats and Leans Playing Ball

Scope and Content of the Records

The Richard Bachman collection documents the personal and professional lives of early Texas landowners and small business-owning families. The collection spans from 1825 to 1983, with some undated material. The bulk of the material dates from 1840 to 1920, covering the westward expansion of the United States, the Texas Revolution, the Civil War, and Reconstruction. Records pertain to seven branches of the donor’s family: Rugeley, Miller, Elmore, Obenchain, Wall, Hawkins, and Bachman. The Miller, Rugeley, Elmore, and Obenchain families are the most thoroughly documented.

Photographs make up the majority of the collection and include daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes, cartes-de-visite (CDVs), cabinet photographs, photographic postcards, silver gelatin prints, and Polaroids. The bulk of the manuscript materials is correspondence; other items included are legal documents such as deeds, land grants, wills and testaments; and financial documents such as receipts, invoices, tax statements, and inventories of property and goods. Also present are family announcements, news clippings, memorabilia, and ephemera.

Photographs encompass nearly 130 years of family history and include cased daguerreotypes and ambrotypes, loose and cased tintypes, cartes-de-visite (CDVs), cabinet photographs (cabinet photographs), mounted and unmounted studio portraits and snapshots, photographic postcards, diffusion transfer prints (Polaroids), charcoal prints, and modern copy prints. The decorative cased photographs are examples of early photographic processes, and the Victorian cabinet photograph album demonstrates the family’s interest in assembling their pictorial history. The wide variety of early Texas photography studios represented help document the profession in this early time period. Identified portraits include Colonel Henry Marshall Elmore, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick Elmore, Edgar Obenchain, Elizabeth Rugeley, Henry L. Rugeley, James Rugeley, John Rugeley, and Rowland Rugeley, among others.

(Click here to read more of the Scope and Content Note)

Restrictions and Requirements

Restrictions on Use
Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright Law.

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, the University of Texas at Austin
John F. Miller Papers, 1820-1882, 2 inches
Baylor University, Waco, Texas
Miller-Obenchain Papers, Texas Collection
Allen, Arda Talbot. Twenty-One Sons for Texas. San Antonio, Tex.: The Naylor Company, 1959.
Palm, Reba W. ” Slavery in Microcosm: Matagorda County, Texas.” MA thesis, Texas A&I University, 1971.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the series), Richard Bachman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information
Accession numbers: 2011/348, 2012/031, 2012/037, 2016/164

The majority of this collection was donated by Richard and Janet Bachman to the Texas State Library and Archives Commission on April 4, 2011. The Rugeley family Bible was donated by Richard and Janet Bachman on October 27, 2011. An additional document regarding Rugeley membership in a white men’s club was donated by Richard and Janet Bachman on November 16, 2011. Genealogies documenting the Rugeley family tree were donated by Richard and Janet Bachman in 2015. Mr. Bachman requested that the Texas State Library and Archives Commission accession his family documents for preservation purposes, and his request was granted due to the historical value of the materials. These records were collected and stored by Richard Bachman’s mother, Martha Lenore Rugeley Bachman, and acquired by the donor upon her death.

Processing Information
Processing, DACS-compliant finding aid, and XML markup completed by Eleanor Dickson, Barbara Galletly, Betsy Nitsch, and Brian Thomas of the School of Information at the University of Texas at Austin, fall 2011

New accession added by Susan Floyd, June 2016

Changes to Photographs series inventory and Texas Digital Archive link added by Halley Grogan, July 2016

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