Erminia Thompson Folsom papers
Erminia Thompson Folsom:
An Inventory of the Erminia Thompson Folsom Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1856-1965, undated
|Organization||Biographical Sketch||Scope and Contents||Restrictions||Related Materials|
Creator: Folsom, Erminia T., 1878-1967
Title: Erminia Thompson Folsom papers
Dates: 1856-1965, undated
Abstract: Mariana T. Folsom and her daughter, Erminia T. Folsom, were deeply involved in the woman’s suffrage, peace, and temperance movements in Texas and nationally. Mariana Folsom was also a minister in the Universalist church, while Erminia T. Folsom was active in prison reform and the Herbert Hoover presidential campaign of 1928 and had an interest in Universalism. The Erminia Thompson Folsom papers contain correspondence, literary productions (including lectures), minutes, printed materials, financial documents, and memorabilia, dating 1856-1965 and undated. Although the personalities and careers of these two women can be elucidated to some extent by these papers, particularly through the correspondence and the lectures, fully five-sixths of the collection pertains to the movements themselves, especially suffrage and temperance. The papers document the organization, membership, principles, and activities of these reform movements. The strongest bodies of materials are those dealing with woman’s suffrage (1856-1919) and temperance (1909-1964). The material relating to prison reform (1917-1932) and the peace movement (1866-1960), although small, is rich. A portion of the records have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.
Quantity: 3.06 cubic ft.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in part with funds provided by the Texas Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board for the Texas Archival Resources Online project.
Sponsor: The preparation and digitization of this collection for online public access was funded in full or in part with a Library Services and Technology Act (20 U.S.C. § 9121) grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Other Formats for the Papers
A description of the original papers referenced in this finding aid, including those not digitized, is available at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/tslac/40035/tsl-40035.html.
Organization of the Papers
The Erminia Thompson Folsom papers are organized into four groups and 16 series: (series marked “digital” contain records that have been digitized and are in the TDA)
- Correspondence, 1869-1908, bulk 1882-1908, fractional (paper, digital)
- Lectures, about 1895, undated, fractional (paper, digital)
- Printed material, 1879-1895, undated, fractional (paper, digital)
- Reverend Mary C. Billings address book and obituaries, 1904, undated, fractional (paper)
- Correspondence, 1903-1961, bulk 1909-1928, undated, 0.24 cubic ft. (paper, digital)
- Literary productions, about 1900-1907, undated, fractional (paper, digital)
- Printed material, 1900-1910, 1961, undated, fractional (paper)
- Delegate ribbons, 1939, 1940, undated, fractional (paper)
- Bible, 1902, 0.2 cubic ft. (paper)
Lectures, before 1920, 0.1 cubic ft. (paper, digital)
Reform movement files, 1856-1965, undated, 2.43 cubic ft. (paper)
- Woman’s suffrage material, 1856-1928, bulk 1856-1919, undated, 0.6 cubic ft. (paper)
- Prison reform material, 1917-1959, bulk 1917-1932, undated, 0.25 cubic ft. (paper)
- Peace movement material, 1866-1960, undated, 0.25 cubic ft. (paper)
- Temperance material, 1909-1964, undated, 0.94 cubic ft. (paper)
- Other political material, 1901-1961, undated, 0.1 cubic ft. (paper)
- Religion material, 1904-1965, undated, 0.25 cubic ft. (paper)
- Nutrition material, 1909, 1928, undated, fractional (paper)
See the TARO finding aid for information about the paper records in the collection.
Biographical Sketch: Mariana Thompson Folsom
Mariana Thompson (Folsom), born a Pennsylvania Quaker on July 30, 1845, was a graduate of St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. She and her husband, Allan Perez Folsom, were both Unitarian ministers, teachers, and lecturers. By 1879, Mariana was a state lecturer of the Iowa Woman Suffrage Association, living in Marshalltown, Iowa. The family moved to Texas in 1881 following a lecture tour there; the Folsoms lived variously in San Antonio, Hallettsville, and Refugio County before settling in Austin by 1898. They had at least three children: a son, Allison Thompson Folsom (born in Foxboro, Massachusetts, 1875; Legum Baccalaureus, the University of Texas; later Terrell County Attorney); a daughter, Erminia Thompson Folsom (born in Oswego, New York, 1878); and another son, Clarence Stroud Thompson Folsom (born in 1885; Bachelor of Arts, the University of Texas, 1907; licensed as an attorney, 1919). Mariana Folsom was a leader in the National American Woman Suffrage Association and the Texas Equal Rights Association and a member of the Universal Peace Union and the Texas Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. She died on January 31, 1909.
(Sources include: Black, Tony. “Mariana Thompson Folsom.” Handbook of Texas Online; and “Mary Billings.” Dictionary of Unitarian and Universalist Biography, Unitarian Universalist History and Heritage Society, both accessed January 12, 2017; and the papers themselves.)
Biographical Sketch: Erminia Thompson Folsom
Erminia Thompson Folsom was born in Oswego, New York, on November 6, 1878, the daughter of Allan Perez Folsom and Mariana Thompson Folsom. Her family came to Texas in 1881. After graduating from Austin public schools, Erminia entered the University of Texas by 1900, where she received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1907. She taught in the Eanes School near Austin (about 1903) and also near Fort Stockton. In 1911 she ran one brother’s law office for a summer, while both brothers were in California. Most of her career was spent lecturing and writing articles for various reform movements. She was an active member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (she marched in the first suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.), the Texas Equal Suffrage Association, and the Austin Woman Suffrage Association; she was also an official organizer for the Texas League of the College Equal Suffrage League. By 1919, she was on the executive committee (assistant secretary) of the Texas Prison Association, and was acting secretary of the Travis County Prison Association in 1921. In 1928, she campaigned for Herbert Hoover. She was active in the Texas Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, serving as a delegate to the state convention in Galveston in 1939 as well as attending many other Woman’s Christian Temperance Union conventions, as late as 1957. In 1948, she was an authorized reporter for the Texas White Ribbon, the official publication of the Texas Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. Erminia Folsom never married, and she continued to live in Austin after her brothers’ families moved to California. She was admitted to the Allandale Nursing Home and died on December 31, 1967.
(Sources include: obituary for Erminia Thompson Folsom, Austin American-Statesman, January 1, 1968; and the papers themselves.)
Scope and Content of the Papers
Mariana T. Folsom and her daughter Erminia T. Folsom were deeply involved in the woman’s suffrage, peace, and temperance movements in Texas and nationally. Mariana Folsom was also a minister in the Universalist church. Erminia T. Folsom was active in prison reform and the Herbert Hoover presidential campaign of 1928, and had an interest in Universalism. The Erminia Thompson Folsom papers contain correspondence, literary productions (including lectures), minutes, printed materials, financial documents, and memorabilia, dating 1856-1965 and undated. Although the personalities and careers of these two women can be elucidated to some extent by these papers, particularly through the correspondence and the lectures, fully five-sixths of the collection pertains to the movements themselves, especially suffrage and temperance. Mariana T. Folsom’s correspondence includes a letter from Susan B. Anthony and a letter from Elisabet Ney. The papers document the organization, membership, principles, and activities of these reform movements. The strongest bodies of materials are those dealing with woman’s suffrage (1856-1919) and temperance (1909-1964). The material relating to prison reform (1917-1932) and the peace movement (1866-1960), although small, is rich. The minutes of various reform organizations are mostly undated. There is no unbroken run of annual reports or official publications.
Restrictions and Requirements
Restrictions on Access
Restrictions on Use
Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished works are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
|Texas State Archives|
|Diana Hingham Folsom collection, 1898, 1935, 1943, 1946-1949, undated, fractional [These papers contain copies of letters to and from Erminia T. Folsom.] [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 2-22/603.]|
|Jessie Daniel Ames papers, 1919-1928, 1936, 1939-1940, after 1944, 1965, undated, fractional|
|Mariana T. Folsom lecture notice testimonials, about 1895, 2 items [Broadside 603 and 607.]|
|Mariana Thompson diary, 1861-1864, 1 item [Written at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, between July 30, 1861, and September 25, 1864, this diary of a sixteen-year-old girl is probably that of Mariana Thompson Folsom, mother of Erminia Thompson Folsom, although accession data is lacking.] [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 2-23/1022.]|
(Identify the item and cite the series and group), Erminia Thompson Folsom papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession numbers: 1985/119
No accession information for these papers was located. For purposes of control, an accession number was assigned on May 15, 1985.
Processed by Tony Black, June 1985, October 1985
Cataloging and additional description by Laura K. Saegert, May 1995
Corrections and further encoding to TARO project standards by Tonia J. Wood, May 2001
Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the conversion stylesheet v1to02.xsl, July 2003
Item-level inventory of digitized materials, revisions to description, and DACS compliance by Michelle Bennight, November 2016-March 2017