Tillman Collection

Frank S. Tillman:

An Inventory of the Frank S. Tillman Collection at the Texas State Archives

Note: Not all materials in this collection have been digitized. Refer to the online finding aid on TARO for information on accessing other materials.

Organization History Scope and Contents Restrictions Related Materials

War Diary 1st Battalion 144th Infantry Aboard U.S.S. Pretoria

Overview

Creator: Tillman, Frank S., 1888-1939
Title: Frank S. Tillman collection
Dates: 1915-1939, undated
Abstract: The Frank S. Tillman collection contains printed material, diaries, rosters, lists of wartime deaths, and assorted material produced between 1915 and 1939, documenting and describing the participation of Texas soldiers in World War I. The material, created by both participants and commentators of the events they describe, concerns the recruitment, composition, training, transportation, combat service, casualties, occupation duties, and demobilization of Texas soldiers and military units between 1917 and 1919. The bulk of the collection concerns the Thirty-Sixth Division while the remainder deals with the Ninetieth Division, the Adjutant General of Texas, and other Texas soldiers. Major Frank S. Tillman was a veteran of the Thirty-Sixth Division.
Quantity: 0.83 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in part with funds provided by the Texas Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board for the Texas Archival Resources Online project.

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Other Finding Aids

A description of non-electronic records referenced in this finding aid are available at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/tslac/20044/tsl-20044.html


Organization of the Records

These materials are organized into three subgroups and six series:
Thirty-Sixth Division papers, 1917-1936, undated, 0.47 cubic ft.
Printed material, 1917-1936, 0.25 cubic ft.
Diaries, 1917-1919, 0.05 cubic ft.
Rosters, 1917-1919, 1933-1934, undated, 0.12 cubic ft.
Assorted material, 1919, 1934, 0.05 cubic ft.
Ninetieth Division papers, 1920, 1939, 0.06 cubic ft.
Texas Participation in World War I printed materials, 1915-1920, 1928, 0.3 cubic ft.
Printed material, 1915-1920, 0.18 cubic ft.
Lists of World War I dead, 1928, 0.12 cubic ft.

National Guard of Texas Historical Sketch

The National Guard of Texas was mustered into federal service on August 5, 1917, for service in Europe during World War I. The majority of Texas guardsmen became members of the Thirty-Sixth Division. Texas national guardsmen were also a part of the 117th Supply Train of the Forty-Second “Rainbow” Division, the first National Guard division to go overseas.

(Sources include: Olson, Bruce A. “Texas National Guard,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 21, 2017.)

Thirty-Sixth Division Historical Sketch

The Thirty-Sixth Division was organized in August and September 1917 from National Guard organizations in Texas and Oklahoma. It trained at Camp Bowie in Fort Worth, Texas, from October 1917 to July 1918 under the command of Major General E. St. John Greble. The division traveled to France in July and August 1918, where its command was transferred to Major General William R. Smith. The Thirty-Sixth Division successfully participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive in October 4-28, 1918. It fought around the area north of Blanc Mont, advancing a total of 21 kilometers to the hills south of the Aisne River before being relieved by a French division. The Thirty-Sixth Division returned to the United States between February and June 1919 and its sub-units were demobilized at Camp Bowie at various times between March and June 1919. The division’s veterans held reunions at Fort Worth, Texas, in 1933 and 1934.

(Sources include: Dawson III, Joseph G. “Thirty-Sixth Infantry Division,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 21, 2017.)

Nineteenth Division Historical Sketch

The Ninetieth Division was organized between August and October 1917, primarily of men from Texas and Oklahoma. It trained at Camp Travis in San Antonio, Texas, until its transportation to France in June and July 1918. Major General Henry T. Allen commanded the division both while training in the United States and while serving in Europe during the war. The Ninetieth Division successfully participated in the St. Mihiel operation, a major American offensive, beginning on September 12, 1918. It extended its line of defense forward until September 16, when required to stop. The division was relieved by the American Seventh Division on October 10 and immediately moved to the Meuse-Argonne sector. It entered the line on October 21 and won a series of victories, including participation in a general attack that began on November 1 and reached the Meuse River on November 3. After a six-day delay in crossing the river, the division continued its advance until halted by the Armistice on November 11. Major General Charles H. Martin assumed command of the division on December 30, 1918, and the Ninetieth Division conducted occupation duties in Germany between December 1918 and May 1919. It ceased to function as a division upon its embarkation from France and its men were discharged at various camps around the country.

(Sources include: Winfrey, Dorman H. “Ninetieth Division,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 21, 2017.)

Frank S. Tillman Biographical Sketch

Captain Frank S. Tillman commanded Battery D (Fort Worth) of the First Field Artillery Regiment of the Texas National Guard when it was recruited in June 1917 and drafted into federal service the following month as part of the Thirty-Sixth Division. He was director of The Reconnaissance, a newspaper published at Camp Bowie where the Thirty-Sixth Division trained. Tillman served for the duration of the war and eventually attained the rank of major.


Scope and Content of the Records

The Frank S. Tillman collection contains printed material, diaries, rosters, lists of wartime deaths, and assorted material produced between 1915 and 1939, documenting and describing the participation of Texas soldiers in World War I. The bulk of the collection concerns the Thirty-Sixth Division while the remainder deals with the Ninetieth Division, the Adjutant General of Texas, and other Texas soldiers. Major Frank S. Tillman was a veteran of the Thirty-Sixth Division. The material, created by both participants and commentators of the events they describe, concerns the recruitment, composition, training, transportation, combat service, casualties, occupation duties, and demobilization of Texas soldiers and military units between 1917 and 1919. Topics covered include campaigns in France, transportation to and from Europe, guarding and policing policies, recreational activities, and a reunion of the Ninetieth Division. Also present are reports from the Texas Adjutant General describing the organization and operations of the Texas National Guard, and a history of the Ninetieth Division.


Restrictions and Requirements

Restrictions on Use
Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished works are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).


The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
American Legion collection, 1917-1945, 10 inches. [There is no finding aid for this collection. Call numbers are 2-22/867 thru 869.]
Clarence Lincoln and Nellie Donnan Test papers, 1776-1961, bulk 1894-1961, 2.36 cubic ft.
Frank Tillman photograph collection, about 1914-1940s, 17.5 cubic ft. (about 3200 photographs) [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1/142.]
General John A. Hulen papers, 1887-1960, undated, 9.14 cubic ft.
Robert Wagner collection of 36th Division materials, [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940-1971, [1975?], bulk 1942-1945, 7.75 cubic ft., 2 audio tapes, 90 maps in the Historical Map Archive, and 80 photographs and 26 negatives in the Prints and Photographs Collection
Thirty-Sixth Division Association papers, 1857-1964 and [19–], 13 ft., 2 in. [There is no finding aid for these papers. Call numbers are 2-22/803 thru 836, 2-7/1336 thru 1343, 1349, 2-22L/14.]
Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas
Exact series of 36th Division related materials housed in this museum are unknown. Texas Military Forces Museum website.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the series and subgroup), Frank S. Tillman collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information
Accession number: 1984/142

These records were donated to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Frank S. Tillman on November 20 and December 4, 1933; January 17, June 14, September 4, November 1, and December 20 and 28, 1934; April 13 and 27, May 22, August 8, October 17, and November 22, 1935; February 6, 1936; and July 28, 1939. An accession number was assigned on May 29, 1984 for control purposes.

While news editor of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Tillman collected documents pertaining to the Thirty-Sixth Division and the participation of other Texas soldiers in World War I for deposit in the Texas State Library. He made his first donation on November 12, 1933, in response to a Fort Worth Star-Telegram article on the paucity of material in the Capitol archives and State Library on Texas participation in World War I. He donated items until at least 1939 when in a veterans’ hospital in Muskogee, Oklahoma.

The following veterans also donated material to the collection via Frank Tillman: Major Ike Ashburn, Colonel Claude V. Birkhead, W.T. Carley, Captain Claude L. Drennon, Lieutenant Colonel Lloyd E. Hill, Lieutenant Colonel Dallas J. Matthews, Lieutenant Colonel J. Watt Page, Major Orsen E. Paxton, Sergeant Eugene Roundstream, and Colonel Herbert E. Stevenson.

Processing Information
Processed by Hans C. Rasmussen, April 2001
Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the style sheet v1to02.xsl, July 22, 2003
DACS compliance and Texas Digital Archive link added by Halley Grogan, June 2017