Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee
National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year (U.S.), Texas Coordinating Committee:
An Inventory of the Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee Records at the Texas State Archives, 1971-1978, bulk 1977
|Organization||History||Scope and Contents||Restrictions||Related Materials|
Creator: United States. National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year. Texas Coordinating Committee.
Title: Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee records
Dates: 1971-1978, bulk 1977
Abstract: The Texas International Women’s Year (IWY) Coordinating Committee, also known as the Texas Coordinating Committee, was created by Congress in December 1975 with the passage of Public Law 94-167 (HR 9924, 94th Congress, 1975-1977) for the purpose of holding state meetings to elect delegates and adopt resolutions that promoted equal rights to be presented at the National Women’s Conference. The committee planned and held the Texas Women’s Meeting in Austin from June 24 to 26, 1977, where participants voted on delegates and resolutions for the National Women’s Conference held in Houston later that year. Records of the committee are attendee registration forms, correspondence, delegate nomination forms, memorandums, interviews, resolutions, publications, press material, minutes, photographs, rules and procedures, reservations, budgets, audio and video recordings, résumés, voting tally sheets, maps, buttons, exhibit panels, photo negatives, and slides, dating 1971-1978, bulk 1977. A portion of the records have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.
Quantity: 24.6 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with a portion in Spanish.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: The preparation and digitization of this collection for online public access was funded in full or in part with a Library Services and Technology Act (20 U.S.C. § 9121) grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Other Formats for the Records
A description of original records referenced in this finding aid, including those not digitized, is available at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/tslac/90049/tsl-90049.html.
Organization of the Records
The records are organized into eight series. The following series marked “digital” contain records that have been digitized and are available in the TDA:
- Executive binders, 1977, 1.1 cubic ft. (paper)
- Executive committee files, 1973-1977, bulk 1977, 1.65 cubic ft. (paper)
- Public relations committee files, 1971-1977, bulk 1977, 2.05 cubic ft. (paper, digital)
- Outreach committee files, 1977, 0.4 cubic ft. (paper)
- Arrangements committee files, 1977, 2.8 cubic ft. (paper)
- Program committee files, 1977, 15.7 cubic ft. (paper, digital)
- Nominations committee files, 1977, 0.8 cubic ft. (paper, digital)
- Opposition files, 1977, 0.1 cubic ft. (paper)
See the TARO finding aid for information about the paper records and more information about processing of the collection.
In 1972, the United Nations declared 1975 as the International Year of the Woman and called for the first international conference concerning women. The 1975 United Nations World Conference on Women attracted 1,300 delegates from 133 countries, while 6,000 non-governmental agencies and organizations attended the International Women’s Year (IWY) Tribune forum. Those assembled for the conference created and agreed upon a World Plan of Action for the Implementation of the Objectives of the IWY, with guidelines to initiate within the decade to help support women. Conferences were held in countries around the world to implement the plan of action within their own nations, including Austria, Canada, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, India, Japan, Nepal, Switzerland, the United States, Uruguay, and Zambia.
In the United States, on January 9, 1975, President Gerald Ford issued Executive Order 11832 to create the National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year and tasked the committee with preparing a report on how to promote gender equality. On July 1, 1976, the 35 members, with Jill Ruckelhaus as the presiding officer, presented its report, To Form a More Perfect Union…Justice for American Women. The report recommended a national conference be established, with each state creating a coordinating committee to help frame resolutions, issue reports, and elect delegates to the conference.
Prominent people associated with the Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee (click the name for more information.)
Scope and Content of the Records
The Texas IWY Coordinating Committee records illustrate the activities associated with the Texas Women’s Meeting held in Austin from June 24 to 26, 1977, and the election of delegates to represent Texas at the National Women’s Conference held in Houston from November 18 to 21, 1977. The records consist of attendee registration forms, correspondence, delegate nomination forms, memorandums, interviews, resolutions, publications, press material, minutes, photographs, rules and procedures, reservations, budgets, audio and video recordings, résumés, voting tally sheets, maps, buttons, exhibit panels, photo negatives, and slides, and date from 1971 to 1978 with the bulk of the records dating 1977. One letter dated 1971 was probably dated in error as the Texas IWY Coordinating Committee had not yet formed and no other dates appear until 1973. The records provide a brief history about International Women’s Year (1975), later changed to International Women’s Decade (1975-1985); the creation of the National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year in the United States; the Texas Women’s Meeting; and the National Women’s Conference.
The records document preparation for the Texas Women’s Meeting, activities associated with the meeting including delegate nominations and selections, resolutions discussed and passed at the meeting, criticism of the meeting and conference and the delegates and resolutions passed, the Texas exhibit booth at the National Women’s Conference, and information about the National Women’s Conference. The executive committee created five subordinate committees to organize the events. The documents associated with each committee are included within that committee’s series; some of the records are duplicated in multiple series. Noteworthy participants include Bella Abzug, Owanah Anderson, Ann Richards, C. DeLores Tucker, and Sarah Weddington. Prominent issues discussed include women’s rights, the ERA (Equal Rights Amendment), childcare and reproductive rights, women employees, homemakers, lesbians, women’s health services, and International Women’s Year. Both the University of Texas at Austin and Texas Woman’s University played important support roles for the Texas Women’s Meeting.
Restrictions and Requirements
Restrictions on Access
Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Researchers wishing to access the artifacts from the Texas exhibit at the National Women’s Conference must contact State Archives staff to make arrangements.
Records containing restricted information (social security numbers) in the series Executive committee files and Nomination committee files have been redacted in accordance with Texas Government Code, Section 552.101 (common law privacy).
Restrictions on Use
Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished works are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the State Archives when reviewing photographic materials.
Due to the fragility of the audiocassettes, the digital copies must be used instead of the original tapes. Transcripts are not available at this time. Researchers may examine the physical tapes but are not allowed to listen to them on playback equipment.
The State Archives may not have the correct audio-visual equipment to access the U-matic videocassette. Researcher access to open-reel audio recordings and film is dependent upon first arranging to digitize that media at the researcher’s expense; contact Archives staff for available options.
Oversized maps and election tally sheets may be too large to photocopy.
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas International Women’s Year Coordinating Committee records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession number: 1978/032
Records created by the Texas IWY Coordinating Committee were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Owanah Anderson on November 7, 1977, and January 4, 1978. Texas Woman’s University transferred the contents and records associated with the Texas exhibit at the National Women’s Conference in January 1978.
Partially processed by Mary Paxton and Michael Green, 1980s
Further processing and arrangement by Texas State University student intern Mary Murphy, December 2016
Revisions to description by Rebecca Romanchuk, February 2017