Mabel H. Brooks Photograph Collection
Mabel H. Brooks:
An Inventory of the Mabel H. Brooks Photograph Collection at the Texas State Archives, 1860-1920, undated
|Arrangement||History||Scope and Contents||Restrictions||Related Materials|
Creator: Mabel H. Brooks
Title: Mabel H. Brooks photograph collection
Dates: 1860-1920, undated
Abstract: The Mabel H. Brooks photograph collection consists of 220 photographs of Austin, Texas and the surrounding area, made between 1866 and 1920 by various photographers. The images were collected by Mabel Houghton Brooks and arranged into five scrapbooks. Samuel B. Hill, Hamilton Biscoe Hillyer, and William James Oliphant are the principal creators of the images, while some of the photographers are unknown.
Quantity: 1.25 cubic ft.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: The preparation and digitization of this collection for online public access was funded in full or in part with a Library Services and Technology Act (20 U.S.C. § 9121) grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Other Formats for the Collection
A description of original records referenced in this finding aid is available at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/tslac/50107/tsl-50107.html.
Arrangement of the Collection
These photographs were originally mounted within five scrapbooks but were removed because of preservation concerns. The prints have been numbered serially and remain in the original order in which they were arranged within the scrapbooks. The image descriptions have been adapted from the notes on the back of the prints. When known, the name of the photographer follows the title of the image. Duplicate images appear in the collection and have been noted within brackets.
Digitized images have been arranged to follow the organization of the scrapbooks. The breakdown of the scrapbooks is as follows:
- Scrapbook 1: images 1932/005-1 thru 20
- Scrapbook 2: images 1932/005-21 thru 97
- Scrapbook 3: images 1932/005-98 thru 120
- Scrapbook 4: images 1932/005-121 thru 185
- Scrapbook 5: images 1932/005-186 thru 218
Please see the finding aid on TARO (http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/tslac/50107/tsl-50107.html) for details on how to access paper-based materials.
Mabel Houghton Brooks was born on April 29, 1876 in Greenville, Alabama. She moved to Austin, Texas in 1880. She received her bachelor of literature in 1898 and her master of arts degree in philosophy in 1901 from the University of Texas. In 1908 she was vice president of the University of Texas Alumni Association. Brooks was also a painter and commercial artist, training at the National Academy of Design and the Art Institute of Chicago and exhibiting her work at the Art Students League and at the Annual Exhibition by Texas Artists at the Fort Worth Art Museum in 1922 and 1923. She began working at the Texas State Library in April 1921 as the loan assistant and assistant cataloguer. In the 1920s, she is credited with finding the original glass plate negatives taken by George Robertson for William James Oliphant during a buffalo hunt in Buffalo Gap, Taylor County in 1874. She died in San Antonio, Texas on May 29, 1929.
Scope and Content of the Records
The Mabel H. Brooks photograph collection consists of 220 photographs of Austin, Texas and the surrounding area, made between 1866 and 1920 by various local photographers. The images were collected by Mabel Houghton Brooks and arranged into five scrapbooks. Samuel B. Hill, Hamilton Biscoe Hillyer, and William James Oliphant are the principal creators of the images, while some of the photographers are unknown. The majority of the images are of the State Capitol building, Congress Avenue, the Colorado River, and Barton Creek, in addition to images of local Austin businesses, churches, and individual family homes such as Pease Mansion and the Governor’s Mansion. Also included are images of local landmarks such as the French Embassy, the Texas State Lunatic Asylum (now known as the Austin State Hospital), the Deaf and Dumb Institution (now known as the Texas School for the Deaf) and the Texas Military Institute. There are a series of images taken during the 1869 flood in Austin, along with an additional set of images documenting the construction and destruction of the first dam on Lake McDonald in 1900. Four images document President McKinley’s visit to Austin in May 1901, showing the parade up Congress Avenue and a decorated welcome arch. Additional images show employees posing inside local businesses, including the Austin Statesman newspaper office, a city book store, and a dry goods store. The majority of the images are copy photographs and vary in size from 3 1/2 x 3 1/2 in. prints to larger 8 x 10 in. prints.
Restrictions and Requirements
Restrictions on Access.
For physical materials: Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Restrictions on Use
Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author’s death. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
For physical materials: Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the Archives when reviewing photographic materials.
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
|Texas State Archives|
|Runge (Johanna) photograph collection, 1884, undated, 0.2 cubic feet|
|Burleson (Emma Kyle) photograph collection, about 1869, 14 photographs [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1940/007.]|
|Souvenir of Austin, 1888, 57 engravings [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1941/015.]|
|Congress Avenue Photo, about 1900, 1 photograph [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1941/011.]|
|Nineteenth Century Austin collection, about 1860-1890’s, 21 photographs [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1/015.]|
|Views of Austin, 1868-1923, undated, 25 photographs [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1/150.]|
|Firemen’s Monument Dedication, 1896, 3 photographs [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1954/049.]|
|Souvenir of Austin, 1888, 56 engravings [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1970/036.]|
|Austin History Center|
|Hubert Jones Glass Plate Negative Collection, 1870-1900, 7 linear ft.|
|DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas|
|Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photography Collection, ca. 1846-1945, 27 linear ft.|
(Identify the item), Mabel H. Brooks photograph collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession number: 1932/005
This collection was donated to the Texas State Library by Richard S. Brooks in 1932.
Preliminary inventory and notes by John Anderson, December 1983.
Additional processing and EAD finding aid prepared by Halley Grogan, May 2013.