Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between the Republic of Texas and the king of Nederlands, Willem II
Ornate, blue velvet-lined book in a frame, along with a silver seal with the royal coat of arms in relief on the surface. Book cover is embellished with a crown in gold threadwork and a floral pattern on the edge. Within, the paper has a gold trim. Also etched: Je Maintiendrai. Dated September 18, 1840.
Historical Note: After the United States of America rejected the annexation of Texas in the 1830s, the government of the Republic of Texas sought to create favorable foreign relations on its own. Texas signed treaties with France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Great Britain and was able to secure loans for commercial development. The treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between the Republic of Texas and the king of the Netherlands was signed on September 18, 1840.
Related Collection: Department of State treaties between the Republic of Texas and other nations at the Texas State Archives.
Date of creation:
Texas State Library and Archives Commission, 2010/119
Paper (fiber product)
Wood (plant material)
ATF0421, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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Size or duration:
framed: 22 in x 14 in x 2.5 in; book: 15.5 in x 10 in x 1 in; seal: 3.5 in x 1 in