The Stars and Stripes newspaper
Newspaper, The Stars and Stripes (France), eight copies. The official newspaper of the American Expeditionary Forces, Price 50 centimes. Dates: October 11, 1918, December 13, 20 and 27, 1918. March 7 and 14, 1919. April 18 and 25, 1919.
Historical Note: From February 8, 1918, to June 13, 1919, by order of General John J. Pershing, the United States Army published a newspaper for its forces in France, The Stars and Stripes. When The Stars and Stripes began publication, American forces were dispersed throughout the Western Front, often mixed at the unit level with British, French, and Italian forces. The newspaper's mission was to provide these scattered troops with a sense of unity and an understanding of their part in the overall war effort. The eight-page weekly featured news from home, sports news, poetry, and cartoons, with a staff that included journalists Alexander Woollcott, Harold Ross, and Grantland Rice. Printing the paper on presses borrowed from Paris newspaper plants, the staff used a network of trains, automobiles, and a motorcycle to deliver the news to the doughboys (as the American soldiers were called). At the peak of its production, The Stars and Stripes had a circulation of 526,000 readers. The 36th Division was organized in August and September 1917 from National Guard organizations in Texas and Oklahoma. The National Guard of Texas was mustered into federal service on August 5, 1917, for service in Europe during World War I. Majority of Texas guardsmen became members of the 36th Division. The division traveled to France in July and August 1918, where it was under the command of Major General William R. Smith. The Division successfully participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive in October 4-28, 1918. It returned to the United States between February and June 1919 and its sub-units were demobilized at Camp Bowie, Fort Worth, Texas at various times between March and June 1919. The Division's veterans held reunions at Fort Worth, Texas, in 1933 and 1934.
Related Collection: Frank S. Tillman collection and the Robert Wagner collection of 36th Division materials at the Texas State Archives.
Date range of creation:
1918 to 1919
Artifact Box 0072
World War, 1914-1918
United States. Army. Division, 36th
Stars and Stripes (Paris, France)
Paper (fiber product)
ATF0477, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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Size or duration:
two bundles: 13 in x 6 in x 1 in