White stone mounted on a wooden frame. Printed on the back: The Alamo itself was erected in 1718 and named The Mission San Antonio de Valero. It was the first Spanish Mission established in San Antonio by Franciscan Fathers. The stone was carved from a larger block of the outer wall which surrounded the embattled Alamo when it fell under the onslaughts of Santa Anna's Mexican army on March 6, 1836. Not a man survived of the garrison of 182 Texans commanded by Travis. The larger block was presented to A. Garland Adair, Curator of History, Texas Memorial Museum, by Miss Emma Burleson, a distinguished member of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas and a descendant of General Edward Burleson of Texas Revolutionary fame. Presented by A. Garland Adair.
Historical Note: On February 23, 1836, at the Alamo in San Antonio, then called Bexar, Texas rebels led by William Barret Travis made their stand against Santa Anna's vastly superior Mexican army. On the second day of the siege, Travis called for reinforcements by writing a letter, signed Victory or Death, and dated February 24, 1836. Santa Anna's troops broke through on March 6. All of the defenders of the Alamo died.
Related Collection: Garland A. Adair collection at the Texas State Archives. See ATF0059 for an additional stone fragment from the Alamo outer wall.
Date of creation:
Texas State Library and Archives Commission, 1953/036
Artifact Box 0079
Alamo (San Antonio, Tex.)
Texas, Revolution, 1835-1836
Stone (worked rock)
Wood (plant material)
ATF0053, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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Size or duration:
6 in x 2.8 in x 10.1 in