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Attorney-General's Office, Texas
Title: Attorney-General's Office, Texas
Description: The Office of Texas Attorney General was first established by executive ordinance in 1836. The attorneys general of the Republic of Texas were presidential appointees by act of the First Congress, October 6, 1836. The practice of executive appointment continued during the first years of statehood, but in 1850 the office became elective. In the Constitution of 1876, the attorney general is one of seven officers constituting the executive department of Texas state government.As the chief legal officer of the state of Texas, the attorney general is charged by the Texas Constitution to defend the laws and the Constitution of the State of Texas, represent the State in litigation, and approve public bond issues. To fulfill these responsibilities, the Office of the Attorney General serves as legal counsel to all boards and agencies of state government; issues legal opinions when requested by the governor, heads of state agencies, and other officials and agencies as provided by Texas statutes; sits as an ex-officio member of state committees and commissions; and defends challenges to state laws and suits against both state agencies and individual employees of the State.