Description: Historical Note: This grapeshot was picked up by General Thomas Scurry, in December 1902, on the Resaca de la Palma battlefield about three miles from the city of Brownsville, Texas. The grapeshots were probably fired during the engagement. The battle of Resaca de la Palma was the second engagement of the Mexican War. It was fought on May 9, 1846, a few miles north of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, the day after the retreat of the Mexican army at Palo Alto. The Mexican troops under the command of Major General Mariano Arista and the Americans under Major General Zachary Taylor had fought to a draw at the battle of Palo Alto on May 8. During the night Arista had withdrawn and established new positions in a dry streambed or Resaca, Resaca de la Palma, which crossed the road between Matamoros and Port Isabel and provided the Mexicans with a strong defensive position. Sometime after 2pm. Taylor ordered the attack. After considerable difficulty with the Mexican artillery the American Dragoons and light infantry forced the Mexicans out of the Resaca. The Mexicans counterattacked twice, were beaten back both times, and fled in panic. Of the 1,700 Americans engaged in the battle, 33 were killed and 89 wounded. Of an estimated force of 4,000, the official records show the Mexican losses as 154 killed, 205 wounded, and 156 missing.
Citation information: ATF0318, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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