Description: Stone from the first monument to the Alamo. Handwritten on the stone: This stone formed a portion of a monument made from the ruins of the Alamo building and, by Act of the State Legislature, placed on the porch of the Capitol that was burned in 1881. This stone was rescued from the debris of the demolished monument by Stephen H. Darden (?) and presented by him to the William Travis Chapter of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, March 11, 1902.
Description: Historical Note: This piece of stone is from the first monument to the Alamo, originally a 10-foot-high statue, made of stones from the Alamo. The monument was made by Mr. Nangle, a lapidary of Philadelphia, and Mr. Joseph Cox, a stone-cutter, out of stone from the ruins of the Alamo building. When the Capitol was burned in 1881, the monument was all destroyed except for the two pieces now in the State Library. This would appear to be the smaller piece, and was rescued from the debris by Colonel Stephen H. Darden and presented to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, March 11, 1902. The larger is a segment of the upper part of the monument, and carved on it is the famous line by General Thomas Jefferson Green: "Thermopylae had her messenger of defeat..." On February 23, 1836, at the Alamo in San Antonio, then called Bexar, Texas rebels led by William Barret Travis made their stand against Santa Anna's vastly superior Mexican army. On the second day of the siege, Travis called for reinforcements by writing a letter, signed Victory or Death, and dated February 24, 1836. Santa Anna's troops broke through on March 6. All of the defenders of the Alamo died.
Description: See ATF0372, ATF0385, and ATF0397 for additional fragments from the Alamo monument.
Citation information: ATF0391, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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