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Earth from Palo Alto battlefield
Title: Earth from Palo Alto battlefield
Description: Earth from the Palo Alto battlefield. Housed in two cardboard boxes.
Description: Historical Note: The battle of Palo Alto, the first major engagement of the Mexican War, was fought north of Brownsville on May 8, 1846, between American forces under General Zachary Taylor and Mexican troops commanded by General Mariano Arista. On April 23, Mexico had proclaimed a defensive war against the United States, which had annexed Texas. On May 12, after hostilities had begun on Texas soil, the United States declared war on Mexico. Of 3,461 troops that formed the Mexican Army of the North, Arista's commissary reported 102 killed, 129 wounded, and 26 missing, including deserters. Lt. George Meade, who interrogated captured Mexican officers, concluded that Mexican losses numbered 400 men. The American army, which totaled over 2,200 soldiers, reported five dead and 43 wounded. Arista's adjutant, Jean Louis Berlandier, however, stated that American casualties were about 200 dead and wounded. At Palo Alto, Taylor tested the superiority of the so-called flying artillery developed by Major Samuel Ringgold, who was mortally wounded in the battle. Guns were mounted on light carriages drawn by specially trained teams of horses and could be moved quickly for tactical advantage. Although soldiers on both sides clamored for the traditional bayonet charge across the field, the artillery duel dominated the action.
Citation information: ATF0041, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Copyright information: This image is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States. The Item and its design depicted in this image may be protected by copyright, patents, trademarks, or other related rights. You are free to use this image in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. Unless expressly stated otherwise, Texas State Library and Archives Commission makes no warranties about the Item and cannot guarantee the accuracy of this Rights Statement. You are responsible for your own use. Please contact the Texas State Library and Archives Commission for more information. You may need to obtain other permissions for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy or moral rights may limit how you may use the material.
Size or duration: box one: 2 in x 1 in x 1 in; box two: 5.2 in x 2.2 in x 2 in