Description: Historical Note: Powder horn used by Richard Redman, Quitman's Command, during the Mexican War. The conflict between the United States and Mexico in 1846-48 had its roots in the annexation of Texas and the westward thrust of American settlers. On assuming the American presidency in 1845, James K. Polk attempted to secure Mexican agreement to setting the boundary at the Rio Grande and to the sale of northern California. Frustrated by the Mexican refusal to negotiate, Polk, on January 13, 1846, directed General Zachary Taylor's army at Corpus Christi to advance to the Rio Grande. The Mexican government viewed that as an act of war. Eventually, after a series of confrontations and battles, on February 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, through which the United States gained California, Arizona, New Mexico, and the Rio Grande boundary for Texas, as well as portions of Utah, Nevada, and Colorado.
Citation information: ATF0312, Artifacts collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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