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Prints and Photographs Collections

Prints and Photographs Collections

The Texas State Archives’ Prints and Photographs collection includes over 750,000 original images in a variety of processes and formats.  The majority of the Prints and Photographs collections relate to Texas history, important Texas figures, and events. This includes construction of the various State Capitol buildings, documentation of Texas governors and political leaders, Texas Rangers and military service in Texas, the geographically and culturally diverse regions of Texas and generations of Texas families and immigrants.

These images have various known copyright and other restrictions but are available for reference purposes. See individual copyright statements at the item level for more information regarding copyright and publication options. Please include the credit “(image number, collection name,) Courtesy of Texas State Library and Archives Commission” when using these images in any way.

Photographs are also a part of our Texas State Agency records; please review individual agency pages for more information about photography records in those series.

For more information on the Prints and Photographs collection, review the available finding aids on our website – https://www.tsl.texas.gov/arc/findingaids/msfindingaids.html.

Please contact our Archives Reference staff at reference.desk@tsl.texas.gov for more information regarding image requests.

About image titles: When it is known, the TDA will use the title of an image as the display title. When a title is unknown, the title will default to the image’s catalog number.

8th Album of the Texas Legislature | Bachman Collection | Box Collection | Brooks Collection | Collard Daguerreotupe | Collins Collection | Cook Collection | Graham Collection | Hornaday Collection | House photos | Hulen papers | Hunnicutt Collection | Kelly postcards | Maxey Collection | Mexican-American War Lithographs | Odim Collection | People Collection | Places Collection | Ratchford Collection | Robertson Buffalo Hunt | See Collection | Terry’s Texas Rangers | Watson Collection | Whitmeyer Collection | Wister Collection


William De Ryee and R.E. Moore: Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature, 1860

Front cover of the Texas Album of the 8th Legislature

Front cover of the Texas Album of the 8th Legislature

Creator: DeRyee, William, 1825-1903
Title: Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature
Dates: 1860
Abstract: The Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature was created by William De Ryee and R.E. Moore and published by Miner, Lambert & Perry of Austin, Texas, in 1860. The album includes 129 individual albumen portraits of members of the 8th Texas Legislature and other state officials, including Governors Hardin R. Runnels and Sam Houston, Lieutenant Governor Edward Clark, and Speaker Marion DeKalb Taylor. Accompanying many of the portraits are the name of the county each member represented in the legislature and biographical information.

This collection is a single bound album. Images are arranged with governor, lieutenant governor, senators, senate staff, speaker, and representatives. The senators and representatives are roughly in alphabetical order.

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Richard Bachman Collection, 1825-1983, undated, bulk 1840-1920

25th Anniversary of J. Bachman Grocery store

25th Anniversary of J. Bachman Grocery store

Creator: Bachman, Richard
Title: Richard Bachman collection
Dates: 1850s-1982
Abstract: The Richard Bachman collection is an assembly of papers, ephemera, photographs, and other materials that document the lives and activities of several Texas families from 1825 to 1983, bulk 1840-1920. The families represented, related by marriage, are Elmore, Miller, Obenchain, Wall, Rugeley, Bachman, Hawkins, Guinn, and Pigford. The collection has a wide variety of documents, from receipts, business documents, and wills and deeds, to correspondence and a family Bible. Photographs contain cased ambrotypes and daguerreotypes, loose and cased tintypes, cartes-de-visite (CDVs), cabinet photographs (cabinet photographs), mounted and unmounted photographs, photographic postcards, diffusion transfer prints (Polaroids), snapshots, studio portraits, charcoal prints, and modern copy prints, dating about 1849-1982. Only the photographs in this collection have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.

The photographs papers are organized into eight subseries: Elmore family, Hawkins family, McHenry-Guinn family, Obenchain-Wall family, Rugeley family, Bachman family, and miscellaneous.

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A matted photograph of the Batson Oil Gusher

Batson Oil Gusher

Greg D. Box Photograph Collection, about 1900-1910

Collector: Box, Greg D.
Title: Greg D. Box photograph collection
Dates: about 1900-1910
Abstract: The Greg D. Box photograph collection consists primarily of photographs of oil workers, equipment, and oil fields in Sour Lake, Texas, dating about 1900-1910. Views of the town include a fire at the Sour Lake National Bank.

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Mabel H. Brooks Photograph Collection, 1860-1920, undated

East Sixth Street, Austin

East Sixth Street, Austin

Creator: Mabel H. Brooks
Title: Mabel H. Brooks photograph collection
Dates: 1860-1920, undated
Abstract: The Mabel H. Brooks photograph collection consists of 220 photographs of Austin, Texas and the surrounding area, made between 1866 and 1920 by various photographers. The images were collected by Mabel Houghton Brooks and arranged into five scrapbooks. Samuel B. Hill, Hamilton Biscoe Hillyer, and William James Oliphant are the principal creators of the images, while some of the photographers are unknown.These photographs were originally mounted within five scrapbooks but were removed because of preservation concerns. The prints have been numbered serially and remain in the original order in which they were arranged within the scrapbooks. The image descriptions have been adapted from the notes on the back of the prints. When known, the name of the photographer follows the title of the image. Duplicate images appear in the collection and have been noted within brackets.

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Mary Stark Collard Daguerreotype, about 1845-1862

Mary Stark Collard Daguerreotype

Mary Stark Collard Daguerreotype

Title: Mary Stark Collard daguerreotype
Dates: about 1845-1862
Abstract: Mary Stark Collard was the wife of Texas pioneer and surveyor Elijah Simmons Collard and mother to Jonathan, Lemuel Miller, Job Stark and James Harrison Collard, who all fought for Texas independence. This daguerreotype is a portrait of Mary Stark Collard created by an unknown photographer while she was living in Texas, dating about 1845-1862.

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Edna Collins Collection, 1940s-1955

German POW cemetery at Camp Swift

German POW cemetery at Camp Swift

Creator: Collins, Edna Gertrude, 1885-1968
Title: Edna Collins collection
Dates: 1940s, 1955
Dates: bulk 1943-1944
Abstract: Edna Gertrude Collins (1885-1968) was an Austin-area painter and educator. The Edna Collins collection consists of 40 photographs, watercolors, and pencil drawings that primarily document the decoration of several theaters and recreation halls on the grounds of Camp Swift. Texas during the Second World War by Collins and a team of civilians and German prisoners of war (POWs). Also prominent in the collection are five commemorative Christmas cards hand-illustrated by the POWs and presented to Collins in 1943. Dates covered are 1940s, 1955, with the bulk dating 1943-1944. Subjects covered include depictions of rural culture in both west Texas and northern Mexico, as well as life as a POW at Camp Swift.

The records are in two groups: photographs, and watercolor and pencil works.

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L.L. Cook Company Collection, 1940-1959

When the Days Work is Over M 502

When the Days Work is Over M 502

Creator: L.L. Cook Company
Title: L.L. Cook Company collection
Dates: 1940, 1946-1951, 1953, 1955-1957, 1959
Dates: bulk 1948, 1951, 1956
Abstract: The L.L. Cook Company was founded in 1921 and was one of the two largest postcard publishing companies in Milwaukee, Wisconsin up to the 1960s, producing thousands of postcards with scenes from different cities and states across the country. The collection presents images of life, architecture and landscape in 105 towns in Texas. Prominent in the collection are Bandera, Brownsville, Del Rio, Edinburg, El Paso, Henderson, Junction, Kilgore, Kingsville, McAllen, Mission, and southern Texas. Dates covered are 1940, 1946-1951, 1953, 1955-1957, 1959, bulk 1948, 1951, 1956. Overall, a wide range of subjects are covered including churches, hospitals, schools, swimming pools, factories, homes, post offices, hotels, businesses, courthouses, downtown and main streets, monuments, bridges, beaches, oil fields, rodeo, steers and bulls, dude ranches, calf roping, highway scenes, aerial views of select towns, fruit groves, fields and harvests, rural scenes and fishing.For ease of web-browser use, images have been subdivided into 100 item increments based upon photograph identification number.

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Graham (R. Niles) Collection, 1846-1958

Richard Niles Graham

Richard Niles Graham, at a banquet, 1955

Creator: Graham, Richard Niles, 1881-1959
Title: Graham (R. Niles) collection
Dates: 1846-1958
Abstract: This series of photographs documents the family, social, and business life of R. Niles Graham and his family, both at home in Austin and in travels domestically and abroad, dating from 1893 to 1937 and undated. This series consists of 855 photographs, 507 postcards, 17 photoengravings, 3 tintypes, 10 copy photographs, 21 steel engravings, and 22 engravings. In addition, the collection originally included several batches of snapshot film negatives for which there were no corresponding prints. In about 1978, 8×10 modern prints were made from these negatives by the State Archives’ contract photographer, Bill Malone. Once printed these cellulose nitrate negatives were deaccessioned and destroyed because they were thought to be a safety hazard.The photographs are organized into five groups: People, Places, Subjects, Miscellaneous, and Modern prints. For ease of web-browser use, images have been divided into 100 item increments based upon the photograph identification number.

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William Deming Hornaday Photograph Collection, about 1890-about 1940

A Woman on Pyramid Steps

A Woman on Pyramid Steps

Creator: Hornaday, W. D., 1868-1942
Title: William Deming Hornaday photograph collection
Dates: about 1890-about 1940, undated
Abstract: This collection consists of photographs, photographic postcards, photoengravings and negatives amassed by William Deming Hornaday (1868-1942) to accompany the various articles written in his capacity as a journalist and Director of Publicity for the University of Texas. The images were created by a variety of photographers, the names of whom are mostly unknown. The photographs depict notable people, places, and events across Texas. The collection also portrays a variety of locations outside the contiguous United States, most notably Mexico, Australia, China, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Fiji, and Hawaii. Subjects covered include agriculture, bridges, cattle, cityscapes, dwellings, factories, harbors, hunting, hydraulic structures, irrigation farming, landscape, military bases and personnel, mineral industries, the petroleum industry, physical geography, politicians, public buildings, railroads, ranches, and the wool industry.

The images are arranged as received, under approximately 283 headings determined by subject matter, location, or format. These headings are ordered alphabetically. The supplementary images are separately arranged under the same system of alphabetical headings as the main collection.

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Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, House Photography: House Photography Records, 1981-1982

Image of a representative from the 67th legislature

Image of a representative from the 67th legislature

Creator: Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives. House Photography
Title: House of Representatives House Photography records
Dates: 1971-1975, 1977-1979, 1981-1997
Abstract: The Texas House of Representatives is one arm of the Legislature of the State of Texas (the other being the Texas Senate), which the Texas Constitution (Article III, Section 1) vests with all legislative power of the state. House Photography records contain black-and-white and color photographs, contact sheets, negatives, slides, letters received, photograph order forms, policy statements, and product manuals produced and collected by the House Photography department of the Texas House of Representatives, dating 1971-1975, 1977-1979, 1981-1997. Records are from the 62nd through 74th Legislative Session. The department accumulated these records in the course of its work to make photographic portraits of individual state representatives, to photograph events on the floor of the Texas House of Representatives and in other related entities of state government, and to provide photographs at the request of members.

These records are organized into 14 series, only the Sixty-Seventh Legislature has been digitized.

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General John A. Hulen Papers

Signal Corps Photo. Boy fishing from bridge with troops, Bayell, France

Signal Corps Photo. Boy fishing from bridge with troops, Bayell, France

Creator: Hulen, John A. (John Augustus), 1871-1957
Title: General John A. Hulen papers
Dates: 1887-1960, undated
Abstract: Papers documenting the military career and life of Brigadier General John A. Hulen, who commanded the 72nd Infantry Brigade (1917-1919) and the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard (1922-1935), consist of correspondence, photographs, and scrapbooks, dating 1887-1960, undated. The correspondence mainly relates to recruitment activities in 1917 and includes letters and other documents. Photographs cover most of General Hulen’s life, from his years in military school in the late 1880s to his retirement in the 1950s. Photographs from the 36th Division begin with the First World War and extend to 1960 and document military training, camp life, and early airplanes. Also present are aerial photos and official portraits of military personnel in the interwar period. The scrapbooks contain photographs, newspaper clippings, letters, telegrams, and printed materials that cover the course of General Hulen’s military career, from 18

The papers are organized according to record type into three series of which the following have been partially digitized: Photographs.

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J.R. Hunnicutt Collection photographs, 1895-1966, undated

 Hunnicutt, J. R., 1894-1973

Texas Ranger J. R. Hunnicutt. (about 1919)

Creator: Hunnicutt, J.R., 1894-1973
Title: J.R. Hunnicutt collection
Dates: 1895-1965, undated
Abstract: Photographs document many events and individuals from J.R. Hunnicutt’s life, including a number of his ancestors, friends, and family, his involvement in athletics at Marlin High School, the Capitol Lands Resurvey Project, his service with the Texas Rangers, his education at Texas A&M University, his participation in Shriner and Masonic activities, his aviation training with the Customs Service, and his service in England in World War II.
Collection Abstract: The J.R. Hunnicutt collection primarily documents Hunnicutt’s education and career, especially his service as a Texas Ranger, U.S. Customs Service Agent, and in the U.S. Army Medical Administrative Corps. The collection consists of correspondence, personal papers, photographs, postcards, newspaper clippings, and scrapbooks of Hunnicutt and his family dating 1882-1966 and undated, bulk 1913-1966. The oldest materials are photographs and papers of Hunnicutt’s family.

Photographs collection separated from the J. R. Hunnicutt collection (manuscripts). The collection was originally arranged first by people in alphabetical order than then by place names in alphabetical order. In the original numbering convention, 1966/029-288 thru 547 were left unidentified. These images have now been described and most identified as to person, place, or activity. Several identical images had been given separate numbers and have now been consolidated. For ease of web-browser use, images have been subdivided into 100 item increments based upon photograph identification number.

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Don Kelly Southeast Texas Postcard Collection, about 1898-1997

Beaumont: The Town of Towns postcard

Beaumont: The Town of Towns postcard

Creator: Kelly, Don, 1940-
Title: Don Kelly Southeast Texas postcard collection
Dates: about 1898-about 1997
Abstract: Don Kelly, Southeast Texas community leader, collected 1473 postcards, picture postcards, photographic postcards, and photographs depciting notable scenes of life, locale, and architecture in an area of Southeast Texas surrounding the cities of Orange, Beaumont, and Port Arthur. These three cities comprise the principal subjects of the collection; additional places depicted include the Spindletop Oil Field, Sabine Pass, Sour Lake, the Sabine River, and the Neches River. Dates covered are about 1898 to about 1997, the bulk about 1898 to about 1930. Subjects covered include church buildings, public schools, school buildings, hotels, oil fields, oil wells, oil refineries, restaurants, dwellings, streets, central business districts, parks, city halls, hospitals, post office stations and branches, courthouses, floods, industrial buildings, railroad stations, rivers, waterfronts, mills and mill-work, cargo ships, commercial buildings, the properties of John Warne Gates, the Texas and New Orleans Railroad Company, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company, Texaco, Inc., and the Gulf Oil Corporation.

Materials after 1932 are not available in the TDA due to concerns about copyright.

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Samuel Bell Maxey photograph collection, 1870-1960

S.B. Maxey, Marilda Denton Maxey and Dora Maxey

S.B. Maxey, Marilda Denton Maxey and Dora Maxey

Creator: Maxey, S. B. (Samuel Bell), 1825-1895
Title: Photograph Collection
Dates: 1870-1960
Dates: bulk 1870-1920
Abstract: This collection consists of approximately 1200 photographic images, dating 1870-1960 (bulk 1870-1920), from the Samuel Bell Maxey House in Paris, Texas. The images, which consist primarily of albumen and silver gelatin prints, include views of the Maxey house (interiors and exteriors) and grounds, and the environs. The Maxey family and friends are represented by commercial portraiture done in various places. Family activities and travels are documented both by commercial views and by amateur snapshots. Included is a suede “Kodack” album and loose album pages picturing travels in the late 1890s. These and later travels ranged from the western U. S. to New York, to the Yukon and Alaska, and to Europe and Egypt.

Image descriptions are from the original envelopes provided by Parks & Wildlife. Digitized images are subdivided into 100 image increments based upon the individual image accession photograph identification number.

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Mexican-American War Lithographs, about 1851

Capture of Monterey

Capture of Monterey

Title: Mexican-American War lithographs
Dates: about 1851
Abstract: These Mexican-American War lithographs are part of the publication The war between the United States and Mexico illustrated, embracing pictorial drawings of all principal conflicts, by George Wilkins Kendall, published by Appleton & Co. of New York and Philadelphia. The twelve hand-colored prints are based on paintings created by artist Carl Nebel and were printed and lithographed by Alfred Lemercier and Adolphe Jean Baptiste Bayot around 1851. The images are of battles of the Mexican-American War.

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Tina Q. Odim Photograph Collection, about 1880-1890s, 1905, undated

Woman Seated with Hat in Lap

Woman Seated with Hat in Lap

Collector: Odim, Tina Q.
Title: Tina Q. Odim photograph collection
Dates: about 1880-1890s, 1905, undated
Abstract: The Tina Q. Odim photograph collection includes seven studio portraits of African American men and women dating about 1880-1890s, 1905, undated. These images include portraits taken by Frank E. Beach of Lampasas, Texas, and the Star Gallery in Burnet, Texas. The majority of the images are albumen cabinet card studio portraits of unidentified individuals.

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Abell

Wm. H. Abell

People Collection

Collector: various
Title: People Collection
Dates: various
Abstract: Portraits of various men and women important to Texas and United States history. Images include engravings, photoengravings, daguerreotypes, cartes-de-visites, cabinet cards, photographs and negatives, dating from the late 19th Century to early 20th Century. The majority of the images are portraits of individuals including Stephen F. Austin, Sam Houston, Deaf Smith, William Barret Travis, Czar Alexander III, and Jefferson Davis.

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Places Collection

Wise home

Home of Major Louis C. Wise

Creator: various
Title: Places Collection
Dates: various
Abstract: Photographs of buildings, street scenes, homes, panoramic views, historic sites, monuments and events, and paintings with specific locations, arranged alphabetically according to the city location in the following order: Texas, Texas General, other states, foreign countries, and unidentified locations.

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Fannie Ratchford Photograph Collection, about 1933-1947

Thomas Jefferson Chambers Home, built in 1838 in Anahuac, Texas

Thomas Jefferson Chambers Home, built in 1838 in Anahuac, Texas

Creator: Ratchford, Fannie Elizabeth, 1887-1974
Title: Fannie Ratchford photograph collection
Dates: about 1933-1947
Abstract: The Fannie Ratchford photograph collection contains photographic material gathered and created by Ratchford for a project to describe and document architecturally noteworthy Texas houses built in the nineteenth century. The collection includes over 2,500 photographs, nine postcards, seven pencil sketches, and one woodcut, dating from about 1933 to 1947. Apparently lack of funds and time combined to prevent the completion of the projected book, but the images documenting her research are an invaluable resource of the Texas building arts.

The collection is arranged alphabetically by town or county, and alphabetically by the names of the home owners or builders within each town or county division. The last two boxes contain smaller prints of all previous photographs, arranged numerically by the photograph item number.

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George Robertson 1874 Buffalo Hunt Photograph Collection, 1874

Buffalo camp scene, 1874

Buffalo camp scene, 1874

Creator: Robertson, George
Title: 1874 Buffalo hunt photograph collection
Dates: 1874
Abstract: George Robertson (? – ?) was an Austin-area photographer employed by studio owner William James Oliphant (1845-1930) to document an 1874 expedition to Buffalo Gap in Taylor County, Texas. The 1874 Buffalo hunt photography collection is composed of 10 photographs taken by Robertson during the trip, plus corresponding film copy media. The subjects depicted include the expedition on the move, camp scenes, buffalo skinning, and the processing of the hides and meat. The date covered is 1874.

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Clyde and Thelma See Glass Plate Negatives Collection, about 1905-about 1920

Man on horseback with young child

Man on horseback with young child

Collector: See, Clyde A. (Clyde Alan), 1922-2002
Title: Clyde and Thelma See glass plate negatives collection
Dates: about 1905-about 1920
Abstract: The Clyde and Thelma See glass plate negatives collection consists of 122 glass plate negatives and eight contact prints of Hardin County, Texas, dating about 1905-about 1920. One image was created by Fletcher Photo Company; other creators are unknown. Images are of group portraits, street scenes, and the surrounding area of Saratoga and Batson, Texas. Some of the plates are cracked, broken, or damaged.

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Terry’s Texas Rangers Reunion Panorama, 1908 November 10

Terry’s Texas Rangers Panorama, partial view

Terry’s Texas Rangers Panorama, partial view

Title: Terry’s Texas Rangers reunion panorama
Dates: 1908 November 10
Abstract: The 8th Texas Cavalry, popularly known as Terry’s Texas Rangers, was a group of Texas volunteers for the Confederate States Army assembled by Colonel Benjamin Franklin Terry in August 1861. This panorama is a group photographic portrait of the Terry’s Texas Rangers reunion in Houston, Texas on November 10, 1908.

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Horald V. Watson Collection, 1917-1920s, about 1940, 1954, 1957, undated

Grady Barnhart and four men in Batson, Texas, oilfield

Grady Barnhart and four men in Batson, Texas, oilfield

Creator:  Watson, Horald V., 1901-1977
Title: Horald V. Watson collection
Dates: 1917-1920s, about 1940, 1954, 1957, undated
Abstract: The Horald V. Watson collection includes one set of Daisetta water control records, two prescription sheets from Bell’s Pharmacy and Drugs, an official pocket seal, and photographs of Batson, Hull, Daisetta, and Galveston, Texas, dating 1917-1920s, about 1940, 1954, 1957, undated. Photographs from this collection have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.

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L.J. Whitmeyer Glass Plate Negatives Collection, about 1890-about 1910

Group portrait in front of porch

Group portrait in front of porch

Collector: Whitmeyer, Jack, Jr., 1921-2010
Title: L.J. Whitmeyer glass plate negatives collection
Dates: about 1890-about 1910
Abstract: The L.J. Whitmeyer glass plate negatives collection consists of 39 glass plate negatives of Hardin County, Texas, dating about 1890-about 1910. Select images within this collection were created by photographers Hughes and Lane of Batson, Texas. Images are of group portraits, street scenes and the surrounding area of Saratoga and Batson, Texas. Some of the plates are cracked, broken or damaged.

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Owen Wister Photograph Collection, 1893, undated

Three Riders And Train Of Pack Horses Crossing A River

Three Riders And Train Of Pack Horses Crossing A River

Creator: Wister, Owen, 1860-1938
Title: Owen Wister photograph collection
Dates: 1893, undated
Abstract: Owen Wister (1860-1938) was a prominent American writer during the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is best known for his western stories, particularly his novel The Virginian: A Horseman of the Plains (1902). The collection includes 115 images taken by Wister during his trip to Texas in 1893. Dates covered are 1893, undated. Prominent in the collection are Texas ranch scenes from the Savage, Colton and Conover ranches, as well as the San Antonio missions of Concepción de Acuña and San José. Subjects covered include cowboys, horses, polo ponies, polo players and games, stables, architecture, the San Fernando cathedral in San Antonio, towns, residents, and landscape.

The images are arranged alphabetically by place name as identified by the creator, and are subdivided by archival box number.

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